Diets are tricky.
Not only is finding which nutrition rules to follow confusing enough already, but there are so many diet plans preaching certain benefits over others. It’s easy to get lost in all the recommendations, studies, and what you’ve read online.
For the most part, there are some things you’ll see consistently diet to diet. Eat lots of veggies, fruits, and whole gains. Exercise daily. Limit meat and fat consumption. Choose foods that are low on the glycemic index. And so on and so forth. This isn’t even mentioning the endless nutrition recommendations that push different foods and their properties, calling one more important than the other.
However, more and more studies are showing that people’s bodies react differently to other foods, therefore rendering standard nutrition guidelines as more of a blueprint rather than an exact, step-by-step plan.
Because of this, scientists have been more interested in learning why one diet may work for one person, while being ineffective for another. From here, they started looking at people’s guts, and the countless bacteria and microbes that live in there.
“Your microbiota really determines how many calories you take up from your food . Without a better understanding of how gut microbes will react, I don’t think I can read the number of calories in my food off a box,” Microbiologist Lora Hooper from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas said.
So instead of looking for those ‘essential foods’ to eat, Hopper suggests focusing on what’s best for you, by looking at your own microbe makeup as well as other personal qualities. This approach is called personal nutrition, which involves tailoring food regimens to fit specific individual’s nutritional needs – and is probably what dieting of the future will be based upon.
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